Rafiki is a 2018 Kenya / South Africa drama by Wanuri Kahiu. Starring Patricia Amira, Muthoni Gathecha and Jimmy Gathu.
Rafiki, which means friend in Swahili, is
adapted from the 2007 Caine Prize-winning short story, Jambula Tree, by Ugandan writer Monica Arac Nyeko. It follows two close friends, Kena and Ziki, who eventually fall in love despite their families being on opposing sides of the political divide.
Rafiki was banned by Kenya's moralist film censor in April 2018 for its gay themes. The film makers have been pursuing the censorship through the courts, on the grounds that Kenya's constitution includes the right to artistic freedom of
But now the High Court of Kenya has upheld the violation of the film makers' rights to freedom of expression ruling that the film's ban:
Does not in any way violate Artistic Freedom of Expression,
but instead protect the society from moral decay
Filmmaker Wanuri Kahiu expressed disappointment in the court's decision:
We are disappointed of course. But I strongly believe in the constitution
and we are not going to give u. I think it is very important for us to define what freedom of expression means in Kenya as per our constitution. We are going to appeal. The ruling today is not a true reflection of what the constitution says.
Nigerian lawmakers have proposed legislation that would hit Internet users with steep fines or jail time for spreading what authorities decide is 'fake news'.
Under what is known as the social media bill, which the Nigerian Senate advanced last week,
police could arrest people whose posts are thought to threaten national security, sway elections or diminish public confidence in the government, according to the draft text.
Authorities could also cut the Internet access of those that violate the
Nigerian social media users are widely condemning the new internet censorship proposal.
The Tanzanian media censor has banned female rapper Rosa Ree from performing for six months, claiming her recently released music video went against the country's' morals.
The censorship body that regulates the arts industry in Tanzania, Baraza la
Sanaa la Taifa (Basata), added that the song Vitamin U which the rapper performed with her Kenyan musician boyfriend, Timmy Tdat, also contravened its regulations.
The suspension means Rosa Ree will also not be allowed to perform outside
the country and will have to pay a $870 (£675) fine, The Citizen newspaper reports.
The original video that offended the censors has now been taken down and replaced with an 'official' version which blurs all the shots showing Rosa Ree with her
own or Timmy Tdat's hands holding her breasts. This censored version has score about 220,000 views. The uncensored version is available on Pornhub.
South Africa's Films and Publications Act, also known as the Internet censorship Bill, came into force when president Cyril Ramaphosa signed the controversial Bill.
Opponents of the law had criticised the vague and broad terminology used; stipulations
that would see the Film and Publication Board overstepping into the Independent Communications Authority of South Africa's regulatory jurisdiction; and that it contains constitutional infringements on citizens' right to privacy and freedom of expression.
The new law provides for the establishment, composition and appointment of members of an enforcement committee that will, among other tasks, control online distribution of films and games.
The law extends the compliance obligations of the
Films and Publications Act and the compliance and monitoring functions of the Film and Publication Board to online distributors.